The M60 A3 Programme: From the tank to the third-generation armoured vehicle
Firepower, mobility and protection of the crew are the basic requirements, as a tactical formula, of a modern tank capable of operating in all scenarios, in line with third-generation armoured vehicles.
The solution to building a reliable platform is not solely based on the production of a new tank, but also through the transformation of in-service vehicles into modernised tanks with cutting-edge technologies and onboard equipment.
This is the case of the M60 tank upgrade programme, developed by Leonardo for the upgrade and overhaul of M60 armoured vehicles, with the aim of offering fleet operators a cost-effective opportunity to modernise their platforms.
Leonardo’s modular solution integrates a 120/45 mm low-recoil force main gun, the same as on the Centauro II armoured vehicle, with a latest-generation fire control system (FCS) and protection systems. Leonardo’s solution, which retains current maintenance and logistics assets, requires additional staff training only for the new equipment. The technologies used for the M60’s modernisation (FCS, infrared vision and 120mm main gun) are entirely designed and manufactured by Leonardo, as are the systems for improving turret performance.
Manufactured with the latest-generation steel, the 120/45 mm gun is characterised by the use of new technologies and reduced weight, all of which contribute in providing excellent field performance.
The low recoil force gun limits the structural stress on the hull and, therefore, eliminates integration risks with heritage platforms. The fire control system, which integrates day and night optronics, together with a high level of ballistic protection and modern on-board equipment, increases the probability of detecting potential threats, and neutralising them during full day and night operations.
Furthermore, the solution integrates a new Hitrole remote control weapon system, which enables 360° panoramic surveillance from a secure position inside the tank.
Leonardo’s proposal also includes an upgrade of the power pack, with an up-power capability that guarantees a higher power-to-weight ratio.
The increase of armour protection, and the installation of an Automatic Fire and Explosion Sensing and Suppressing system (AFSS) improves soldier survivability.
Leonardo’s solution, thanks also to the general overhaul of the main on-board subsystems, enhances the platform’s capabilities and extends its operational life with significant economic benefits for the fleet operators.