ExoMars is a joint endeavour between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Russian Space Agency (Roscosmos), with the Italian Space Agency (ASI) playing a strong role as major contributor within the ESA State Members. ASI also developed a laser micro-reflector called INRRI (INstrument for landing-Roving laser Retroreflector Investigations) together with National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN). ExoMars is developed by a European industrial consortium led by Thales Alenia Space Italia and involving almost 134 space companies from ESA State members. Leonardo participates in the ExoMars mission also through Telespazio and the Airborne & Space Systems Division.
ExoMars is the first mission in ESA's Aurora exploration programme, comprised of two distinct phases: the first took place in 2016, while the second, foreseen in 2020, will include an autonomous rover that, thanks due the recently tested drill, will be capable of taking soil samples and analyse their chemical, physical and biological properties.